A revolutionary ironclad turret warship constructed by John Ericsson.
Dimensions: 37,8×10,36×1,78 meters. Armed with two 11 in. smooth-bore Dahlgren guns.
The structure consists of three pincipal parts, viz., a shallow-decked vessel with perpendicular sides, dead flat bottom and pointed ends. Under this shallow vessel a second and deeper vessel is attached with a raking stem abd stern, perfectly flat bottom and sides inclined at an angle of 51 to the vertical line. This lower vessel does not extend the entire length or breadth of the upper one. It is in free communication with the latter, the bottom of which is cut out corresponding excatly with the top line of the lower vessel. The third principal part consists of a cylindrical turret.
The Ericsson Battery, Scientific American Vol. 5 (1861), No. 21, 23
November, p 331:
- 1862 January 30
- Launched at Thomas F. Rowland's shipyard at Green Point, Long Island, New York.
- 1862 February 19
- Conducted sea trials.
- 1862 March 4
- Delivered to the US Navy.
- 1862 March 9
- Participated in the battle against the ironclad CSS Virginia off Hampton Roads, VA.
- 1862 December 31
- Sank during a storm off Cape Hatteras while being towed.
- Poster [96kB GIF]
- Monitor (original), 1862. Deck, after battle with the Virgina. Photograph, 1862. 200-CC-486.
- Monitor National Marine Sanctuary, North Carolina, USA.
- The Monitor Exhibition at The Mariners' Museum, Newport News, VA, USA.
- Bushnell, C.S.: The Story of the Monitor, The Original United States
New Haven, 1899.
- Canney, Donald L.: The Old Steam Navy. Volume Two. The Ironclads, 1842-1885.
Naval Institute Press, Annapolis, MD, 1993;4to, xvi, 167 pp, ill.
- Church, William Conant: The Life of John Ericsson.
Charles Scribner's Sons, New York, 1891.
- Cracknell, W.H.: United States Navy Monitors of the Civil War.
Warship Profile 36 (Sept. 1973).
- Daly, Robert W. ed.: Aboard the USS Monitor, 1862: The Letters
of Acting Paymaster Willaim Frederick Keeler, U.S. Navy, to His Wife,
U.S. Naval Institute, Annapolis, 1964.
- Hammar, Hugo: John Ericssons Monitor och drabbningen på
Hugo Gebers, Stockholm, 1937. +8vo, 63 pp, 8 pl.
- McCleary, J.R.: Monitor's Secrets Revealed?
Nautical Research Journal Vol 43, Silver Spring, 1998. pp 139-142, ill.
- Miller, Edward M.: USS Monitor: The Ship that Launched a Modern
Leeward Publications, Annapolis, 1978.
- Thompson, Stephen C.: The Design and Construction of USS
Warship International Vol. 27 (1990), No. 3, pp 222-239.
Updated 1998-10-14 by
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Copyright © 1995 Lars Bruzelius.