Horatio Nelson

1758 September 29
Born at Burnham Thorpe as the son of Reverend Edmund Nelson and his wife Catherine.
1770 November 27
Joins the 64-gun ship Raisonable as midhipman.
1776 October
Joins the 64-gun ship Worcester as acting lieutenant.
1777 April
Promoted to lieutenant and appointed to the frigate Lowestoffe.
1778 December 8
Appointed Commander.
1779 June 11
Appointed Captain.
1793 February
Appointed to command the 64-gun ship Agamemnon.
1795 June 1
Appointed Conel of the Royal Marines.
1797 February 20
Appointed Rear-Admiral of the Blue.
Knight of the Bath.
1798 February 14
The Battle at St Vincent where 15 British ships defeated a Spanish fleet of 27 ships-of-the-line. Nelson in the 74-gun ship Captain boarded and took the 80-gun ship San Nicholas and the 112-gun ship San Jose.
1798 March
Hoisted flag in the 74-gun ship Vanguard.
1798 August 1
Battle of the Nile at Abukir Bay.
1798 November 6
Created Baron Nelson of the Nile and of Burnham Thorpe.
1799 February 14
Appointed Rear-Admiral of the Red.
1801 January 1
Appointed Vice-Admiral of the Blue.
1801 January 16
Hoist flag in 98-gun ship San Josef.
1801 February 12
Hoist flag in 98-gun ship St George.
1801 April 2
Battle of Copenhagen.
1803 July 30
Rehoists his flag in the 100-gun ship Victory.
1804 April 23
Appointed Vice-Admiral of the White.
1805 October 23
Killed at the Battle of Trafalgar against the combined French and Spanish fleets.

The Nelson Museum in Nevis

Statement of His Services

[Probably written just before Nelson's appointment as Commander in April 1795.]

Horatio Nelson Son of the Revd. Edmund Nelson and of Catherine (his wife) Suckling Sister of Maurice Suckling Esqr. late Controller of the Navy, was born at Burnham Thorp in the County of Norfolk on the 29th day of Sepr. 1759, was educated at the free School in Norwich and at North Walsham in the same county. He first went to sea with his Uncle on the 1st Janry. 1771 in the Raisonable of 64 Guns on the appearance of a War with Spain relative to Falkland Islands, Capt: Suckling being appointed to the Triumph a guardship in the Medway he sent H.N. a Voage to the West Indies in a West Indiaman with Mr Rathbone who had been a Mate in the Triumph 'till the expedition under Lord Mulgrave in 1773 was fitting for a Voyage towards the North Pole, when he was sent in the Carcass Bomb under the protection of that good man Capt. now Ad:l Lutwidge being paid off at Deptford on the 15th of Octr. he immediately embarked on board the Seahorse Capt. George Farmer and sail'd for the East Indies on Nov. 20th, 1773 where he served till March 1776 when from Ill health he returned in the Dolphin of 20 guns With Capt: now Ad:l Pigot, being paid off at Woolwich in Sept: 1776 he was appointed vy Adm:l Sir James Douglas to act as 4:th Lt: of the Worcester 64 Capt: M. Robinson who was on the point of sailing with a Convoy to Gibralter, On His Return from Gibralter in Ap:l 1777 having served his time and passed for a Lieut. he received a Commission for the Lowestoffe frigate Cap:t William Locker then fitting out at Sheerness for the Jamaica Station in which ship he served as 2nd L:t till Admiral Sir Peter Parker then Commander In Chief took him in June 1778 into the Flag Ship where he served 'till Decr. 1778 when he was made a Master and Commander into the Badger Brig, and was employed on the Mosquito Shore and in protecting the North side of Jamaica from the depredation of Privateers. On the 11th June 1779 he was promoted by the same Ad:l to be a post Capt and appointed to the Hinchinbroke of 28 guns in this ship he was sent to Cooperate with Capt. now Major Polson in an expedition ag:t Fort Juans and the Spanish settlements on the Isle of Nicaragua the fleet arrivied at the Harbour of S:t Juans on the 28:th March 1780 when there not being a Man who had ever been up the River or had any Idea of the distance of any fortification from its mouth, Cap:t Nelson manned several of the Mosquito Shore Craft & two of the Hin:e boats and carried the Soldiers up to the Castle of S:t Juan, storming the Lookout and fighting the Batteries till its surrender Ap:l 19:th 1780 (C) H.N. was then app:d to Command the Janus of 44 Guns which ship he was obliged to leave from exceeding ill health contracted on the late expedition, in Aug:t 1781 C.N. was appointed to the Ablemarle frigate in which ship he served in the North Sea, Canad, New York & the W:t Indies during the remainder of the War and was paid off in her at Portsmouth July 3:rd 1783. In March 1784 C.N. was commissioned to the Boreas frigate ready to sail for the leeward Island Station, during his service on this 'Station' he Prevented by an activity never exceeded the Contraband Trade carried with American vessels to the great prejudice on British shipping C.N. had also the opportunity of discovering great frauds in the expenditure of Public Money, and as the Naval Storekeeper is punished by Fire & Imprisonment it is to be hoped a stop will by this means be put to further embezzlement, being paid off Nov: 30:th 1787, he remained on shore till Jan:ry 31:t 1793 when he was appointed to the Agamemnon of 64 guns whilst belonging to that ship, fought four Sea Actions and upwards of 100 days actually in Battle ag:t the French.

From a manuscript in the National Maritime Museum.


Updated 1997-10-07 by Lars Bruzelius

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Copyright © 1996 Lars Bruzelius.