ANVIL, a mass of iron on which the work is forged or hammered.

ARM, that part from the crown on which the palm is shut.

BILL OR PEAK, the extremities of the arms.

BLADE, that part of the arm on which the palm is shut.

BOLSTERS, cylindrical pieces of iron, with a hole through the middle, used when holes are to be punched, or opened with pins.

BOLTS, cylindrical iron pins for fastening the two parts of the stock together.

COLLAR, made or iron, forms a sling suspended by a chain to bear the anchor to and from the fire. CROSS-BAR are round bars of iron, bent at each end, and used as levers to turn the shank of the anchor. They are from 3 to 5 feet long, and one inch and a quarter diameter.

CROWN, the lowest end of the shank, where the arms are united.

EYE. The hole at the upper-end of the shank for the ring to pass through.

HAMMERS used in making anchors are of 5 sizes, and only differ in weight and length of handle. They weigh from 26 pounds to 3 pounds, and the handles are in length from 4 feet to 1 foot: and are used as the size of the work require.

HANCH. A sudden diminish from a larger substance to a less.

HOOPS. Straps of iron driven on the stock.

MANDRELS are circular iron instruments, forming a cone 4 feet high, on which hoops are driven to be made perfectly round.

NUTS. Two projections on the shank to secure the stock.

PALM, OR FLUKE. The broadest part of an anchor, terminating in a point to fix in the ground.

PORTER. A straight bar of iron, about 2 inches square, confined at one end to the end of the shank: it has holes punched through at the other end for the cross-bars, which act as levers in turning the shank when making.

RING. A circle of iron, in the upper-part of the shank of the anchor, to which the cable is bent.

SCARF. The place where one piece is joined to another.

SHANK. The longest part of the anchor.

SHUTTING is joining or welding one piece of iron to another.

SMALL of the anchor is that part of the shank next under the square.

SNAPE. A sudden diminish of any part.

SQUARE. The upper part of the shank.

STOCK is composed of two long pieces of oak tapering from the middle, fastened together with iron hoops and tree-nails, and fixed on the shank transversely to the arms.

Some anchors have iron stocks.

TREE-NAILS. Wooden pegs to fasten the anchor stock.

TREND, that part of the shank from which the size is taken.

THROAT, the inner-part of the arms, where they join the shank.

TWINING-IRONS, square burs, with an ess-hook at one end, which grasp the porter or the shank to turn it over.

WELDING is forging iron when intensely heated.

WELDING-HEAT is the strong heat when the iron is properest to bind.

David Steel: The Elements and Practice of Rigging and Seamanship
Printed for David Steel, London, 1794. pp 77-78.

Transcribed by Lars Bruzelius

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Copyright © 1999 Lars Bruzelius.