This splendid ship was designed to combine speed with large stowage capacity. Her dead rise at half floor is only 15 inches, but her ends are long and sharp, with slightly convex lines. The angle of dead rise to most of our sharpest clippers is 40 inches; but this acuteness of bottom has been found to be less buoyant than could be desired, and consequently, heavy cargoes load them so deep in the water, that their sailing lines are almost as full as those of medium freighting vessels. Moreover, much of the freight which is now shipped to California is very heavy, and buoyancy has become absolutely necessary to bear it -- especially where speed is desireable. In view of these factors, the Hoogly was designed; and so far as we are qualified to judge, we think her a most excellent vessel. Her length on the keel is 185 feet, between perpendiculars 190, and over all, from the knight-heads to the taffrail, 200; her extreme breadth of beam is 39 feet, depth 25 feet, and she registers 1304 tons. The whole rake of her stem, from a perpendicular line on deck, is 5 feet; her sternpost is upright, and her stern curvilenar. She has 3½ feet sheer, rise boldly forward, and swells gracefully along her sides, both from the water to the rail, and fore and aft.
She has a full female figure head, placed to correspond with the rake of them, painted white in flowing vestments, with her right arm extended, and a gilded globe in her hand. Descending from her pedestal, along the trail boards, is richly flowered carved work, relieved with gilding. She has a narrow waist of three strakes, defined between the moulding of the upper wale and the planksheer, and her bulwarks are set off with an extra rail, about a foot below the main rail. The moulding of the planksheer and the moulding of the first rail are carried forward to the extreme, and terminate in a point at the head, and form the outlines of the head boards. She has poop bulwarks above the sheer of the monkey rail, and these extend round the stern. All the divisions of the side are also defined upon the stern, and the three upper wales form its base. To the lower one of these her run planking is carried up. Her name and port of hail, in gilt letters, are upon the lower division of the stern, and above these are beautifully designed branches, covered with gilding; and in the next division above there are 4 circular plate glass ports, instead of stern windows. Her run is very clean, and her outline aft, notwithstanding the break in her sheer, caused by the poop bulwarks, is well proportioned. She is coppered up to 18½ feet forward, and to 19½ aft -- has a red water line, and white poop bulwarks, but the rest of her hull outside is painted black.
Although she has a full poop deck 60 feet long, and 6½ high, a topgallant forecastle the height of the main rail, and a large house amidships abaft the foremast, 42 feet by 17, and 6 high, still her deck room is spacious, and its arrangements beautiful. The whole height of her bulwarks, including the monkey rail, is 5 feet 7 inches, with the same divisions inside as those alrady described outside. The space between the rack and main rail is tastefully covered and set off with panels, and she has mahogany gangway boards, brassmounted, mahogany poop stairs, protected with brass railings, and mahogany combings to all her hatchways, lined with composition. She has also two splendid capstans of mahogany and locust, brass mounted. One of these is on the topgallant forecastle, and the other on the quarter deck. In the wings of the topgallant forecastle are water closets for the use of the crew; and in the house amidships they have splendid accommodations. This house also contains the galley, store rooms, &c.
Her poop has a projecting front, which, with two wing state rooms, forms a recess. In the centre of this recess is her wheel, made of polished mahogany and other fancy woods, with brass gearing. Her steering apparatus consists of a yoke on the rudder head, below the upper deck, worked with a gun tackle purchase of hide ropes, led along the deck to the wheel. In case of accident to the yoke, she has also a spare iron tiller ready for shipping. The helmsman is snugly sheltered, and being on the main deck, can hear orders from either end of the ship, much better than if he were jock aft, in the usual place.
She has two beautiful cabins, with a snug ante-room. The last contains the captain's state-room, on the starboard side, and a state-room and the pantry on the opposite side. The ante-room is painted and grained.
The two cabins have each 4 state-rooms, and other suitable apartments, and are separated by a sliding partition, so that they may, when required, be made one. They are beautifuly wainscotted with semi-circular arched panels of satin wood, relieved with zebra, rosewood and mahogany, and set off with satin wood cornices between gilded mouldings, and satin wood pilasters with gilded capitals and imitation dark-veined marble pedestals. The ceiling is painted white, and over each cabin is a large skylight. There is a sofa aft, and over it, opposite the stern lights, there are beautifully stained glass windows. The cabins are splendidly furnished in every particular. Her state-rooms are mostly very large, 9 by 7½ feet, and have deck and side lights, and perforated ventilators between the beams. Her accommodations for passengers are truly magnificent throughout.
The front of her poop is neatly paneled and ornamented with stained galss windows, which produce a pleasing effect upon the eye. Her bulwarks, &c., are painted buff color and her waterways blue.
The style of her construction is worthy of notice, for she is as good as she is beautiful. Her keel is of rock maple, sided 15 and moulded 36 inches, and she has two depths of midship keelsons, combined, mould 32 and side 16 inches, and sister keelsons 15 inches square. The floor timbers are sided from 12 to 14, and moulded 17 inches on the keel, and these are all bolted with 1¼ inch copper, driven through the keel and keelsons and riveted; and the navel timbers, sister keelsons, &c., are bolted in the most substantial style, every through bolt of copper riveted. The ceiling on the floor is 4½ inches thick, and on the bilge there are 6 strakes of 10 inches, and the rest of the ceiling up to the lower deck beams is all of 8 inches thickness, and all square fastened. In a word, she is square bolted throughout.
Although her lower deck is only laid to the foremast forward, and to the mizzenmast aft, yet she has the beams, knees, waterways, and thick work for three decks.
Her lower and main deck waterways, are each 16 inches square, with strakes over and inside of them, of 10 inches thickness, bolted vertically and horizontally. The rest of her ceiling is 6 inches thick. The upper deck waterways are 12 by 14 inches, with three strakes of 4½ inches thickness inside of them. The beams of the lower and main decks are 14 by 16 inches amidships, and those under the upper deck are 14 by 10 inches. The height between her decks is 7 feet 3 inches, and nearly all the knees connected with the beams are of white oak, many of them sided 12 inches and moulded 2 feet in the throats. Her stanchions in the hold are 10 inches square, kneed above and below, and those between the decks are turned and secured with iron through their centres in the usual style. Her cutwater, stem, apron and dead wood are bolted with copper up to the load displacement line, and the same is the case with her sternpost, false post, &c., aft. Above, these are closely bolted with iron. She has 9 hooks forward and 7 aft. That under the upper deck aft is of live oak, sided 13 inches, and forms a complete arch round her stern. Her between decks are of hard pine, and her upper deck of white pine, and both are 3½ inches in thickness. Her between decks are painted white, the lower squares of the beams are bright and varnished, and the waterways blue.
Her garboards are 7 inches thick, square bolted through the timbers, and also bolted through each other and the keel. The bottom plank is 4½ inches thick, and her wales 5½ by 7, and all her butt and bilge bolts are of copper, and she is square fastened with locust treenails, 5000 of which have been driven through all and wedged and plugged. the waist is 4½ inches thick, consisting of three narrow strakes, and her planksheer and rails are each 6 inches thick. The bulwarks are neatly grooved and moulded, and her stanchions stout and close together.
Her frame is entirely of seasoned white oak, and most of her ceiling, planking and deck frames of hard pine, and she is most thoroughly fastened and beautifully finished. She is seasoned with salt, has brass ventilators along the line of her planksheer, and in her bitts, and has air-ports below. A better or more beautiful ship need not be built.
She has a strong patent windlass, the best of ground tackle, and plenty of good boats. She has also a circular iron tank, her whole depth below the upper deck, capable of holding 5000 gallons of water.
She is a full rigged ship and has a good and beautiful a set of spars as ever towered above a ship's deck. Her fore and mainmast are made of spars, each in five pieces bolted together, and hooped over all, and the mizen mast is of a single spar. The yards upon the fore and mainmasts are alike, and the crossjack yard, mizzen topsail yard, &c., are the same as the topsail, topgallant, and royal yards upon the other masts. her masts rake 1, 1¼, and 1½ inches to the foot. The following are the dimensions of her masts and yards:
|Dimensions, Inches.||Length, Feet.||Mast heads, Feet.|
|Fore||21||75||yard arms 5|
Her bowsprit is 27 feet outboard; jibboom 20 feet outside of the cap, and flying-jibboom 14 feet, and the other spars in proportion. She is well rigged, in the usual style, and is certainly strong enough aloft to bear her canvas nobly. Her spars were made by Messrs. Fernald & Brother, of East Boston -- young men of superior skill and industry, and who have sparred many of our finest ships during the past three years. Mr. Porter, of East Boston, made her sails, and Capt. Browster, of the same place, rigged her.
She is owned by Capt. Daniel C. Bacon & Sons, of this city, and was built at East Boston, by Mr. Samuel Hall, the builder of many clippers of all classes, from the pilot-boat up to the stately ship of 1500 tons. Capt. John Chadwick, a gentleman of great professional ability and of long-tried experience, commands her. She is now nearly ready for sea, and will sail in a few days for San Francisco. Messrs. Glidden & Williams, the agents, who are loading her, notwithstanding the inclemency of the weather, will have her ready before the day she is advertised to sail. She is lying at Lewis wharf, and we advise those who have not seen her, to visit her, for she is a noble ship, and reflects high credit upon all who have participated in her construction and equipment.
Transcribed by Lars Bruzelius.
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